NOTES: Cremated at Golders Green Crematorium, and had his ashes deposited in the Battenberg Chapel at Whippingham Church, Isle of Wight. One of only seven members of the Royal Family who have been cremated. Orig: Prince Alexander of Battenberg
NOTES: Princess Ena of Battenberg; Transmitted hemophilia via Victoria I, her grandmother, to her 1st and 4th sons. A.k.a.: Princes Victoria Eugenie
NOTES: Killed during WWI.
NOTES: Christened: Victoria Mary Augusta Louis Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; Known as: Princess May; After 1910, Queen Mary (The ocean line, The Queen Mary was named after her). Queen Mary was a shy woman, whose only broadcast contact with the people of Britain or her Empire consisted of the twenty-eight words with which she christened the massive Cunard line that bore her name. But she set a social example even more formidable than that of her husband, and she molded her own family, including her grandchildren, in a most definite fashion. Known as: Mary (1867-1953); Princess May of Teck (1867-1893); Duchess of York (1893-1901); Princess of Wales (1901-1910); Queen Mary (1910-1936); Queen Mother (1936-1953)
NOTES: Edward VIII, King of England; later titled as: Duke of Windsor when he abdicated the throne to marry Mrs. Wallis Warfield Simpson. Christened: Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David. Reign: 20 Jan 1936 to 11 Dec 1936. His reign was only 326 days long. Title: Edward VIII, King of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Emperor of India. He abdicated in favor of his brother, the Duke of York, who became King George VI. Edward married Mrs. Simpson in June of 1937. Because his wife was not accorded the privileges of a royal Duchess in England, the Duke of Windsor resided abroad. In 1937 he observed social and housing conditions in Germany and visited Adolf Hitler. During World War II he served as a Major General in the British Expeditionary Froce, and he was a governor of the Bahama Islands from 1940 to 1945. After the war he lived as a private British citizen, chiefly in the United States and France. At the funeral of George VI in Feb. 1952, he took part in a British royal ceremony for the first time since his abdication. The Duke wrote, "A King's Story" (1951) which was made into a film in 1967, and "Windsor Revisited" (1960). Edward was a Freemason. Tsarevich Nicholas II and his finance, Alix were the godparents at Edward's baptism. Seven different names of the Duke of Windsor: 1. Prince Edward of York 2. Prince Edward of Cornwall and York 3. Duke of Cornwall 4. Edward, Prince of Wales 5. King Edward VIII 6. Prince Edward 7. Duke of Windsor. He is famous for popularizing a fat symmetrical knot for a necktie called the Windsor knot.
NOTES: Christened: Albert Arthur Frederick George. Known to the Royal Family as Bertie; Was Prince Albert, Duke of York (1920-1936); Acceded as George VI following his brother's abdication on 11 Dec 1936. The reign of George VI was marked by the relinquishment of the title of Emperor of India, following the partition of India in 1947 into Pakistan and India. George VI had cancer of the lung (one lung had be removed). He died of cancer after a long illness. Bertie had a speech defect which made him stutter and stammer.
NOTES: Christened: Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary, but always known by her last name, Mary. Mary was to prove the brightest of the family. Her eldest brother once said that it was a pity she would not succeed, for "she was much cleverer than me". In 1932 she was declared Princess Royal. The Princess Royal died suddenly and unexpectedly in the garden of Harewood House, Yorkshire. a.k.a.: Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood.
NOTES: Title: Duke of Gloucester; Died following an affliction of the nervous system. Christened: Henry William Frederick Albert
NOTES: a.k.a.: Prince George; Christened: George Edward Alexander Edmund; Died in an air crash in Scotland when he was serving in the RAF as an air commodore. He was troubled by drug addiction during his youth.
NOTES: Prince John developed epilepsy when he was young. His condition deteriorated, and by a decision made when he had reached the age of 11, he was removed from home and taken to Wood Farm, Wolferton, near Sandringham, to be looked after exclusively by Mrs. Bill and a man servant. John died in his 14th year.
NOTES: Tsar of all the Russias; Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, Tsar of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, etc., etc. Forced to abdicate in March 1917 and held captive by the Bolsheviks. "Nicky" was 5'7" tall. Coronation held in the Uspensky Cathedral inside the walls of Moscow's ancient fortress, the Kremlin, on May 26, 1896. Birth date was May 6 (according to the old Russian Calander). The Romanovs were shot by Bolshevik soldiers in Ekaterinburg (now Sverdlovsk). Various versions of the event are told. Although Nicholas's English, French and German were excellent, he preferred to speak Russian. He spoke Russian to his children and wrote in Russian to his mother. Only to the Empress Alexander, whose Russian was awkward, did he speak and write in English. The Russian city of Sverdlovsk (Ekaterinburg) was the place that the U-2 pilot, Francis Gary Powers was shot down in May, 1960. Nicholas, a slavophile, preferred the term, Tsar, over Emperor (which is a far higher title).
NOTES: Victoria, Marchioness of Milford Haven. Princess Victoria of Hesse and the Rhine.
NOTES: Tsarina of Russia. a.k.a.: Empress; Alicky; Alix of Hesse-Darmstadt; Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt; Alix Victoria Helena Louise Beatrice, Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt; Named Alix after her mother, Princess Alice of England, the third of Queen Victoria's nine children. Her mother called her, "Sunny". Alix is the closest Germanic pronunciation of Alice. Alexandra had red-gold hair. The Empress and her powerful influence on her husband may have contributed to the downfall of Imperial Russia. she seldom smiled, was deeply religious and turned to a Siberian peasant monk, Gregory Rasputin (later murdered) for spiritual consultation, primarily because of the hopelessness of her son Alexis' hemophilia. Her Russian was not very good. She was hated by the Russian Nobility and the people of Russia (who considered her too Germanic).
NOTES: Emperor of Russia; Reign: 1881 - 1894; Alexander II acceded to the throne upon the assassination of his father, Alexander II in 1881. Alexander III's 13-year reign was characterized by police repression, industrial expansion, and a shift in foreign policy away from alliance with Germany to entente with France. He was 6'4" tall. Alexander III was a giant of a man, and proud of his physical strength. He could tear a pack of card in half, bend an iron poler over his knees and crush a silver rouble with his bare hands. His eyes were expressionless and he moved in a peculiarly ungainly way. Almost every drop of blood in his veins was German, but he had the stubborn, enigmatic look of a Russian peasant. He died at 2:30 PM of a kidney ailment, diagnosed as nephritis by his doctor. In reaction to the assassination of his father, he restored much of the absolutism of the reign of Nicholas I and sternly repressed all revolutionary agitation. Alexander tried to impose the Russian language on all of his subjects, persecuted the Jews, and restricted education. His foreign policy was marked by a close union iwth France in opposition to the Triple Alliance.
NOTES: Dagmar of Denmark; a.k.a.: Dowager Empress Maria Alexandrovna; Consort of Alexander III. In April 1919, as the Red Army approached the Crimea, the seventy-two year old Empress left on board a British battleship, H.M.S. Marlborough. She rejected the fact that her son, Nicholas II and his family was murdered in Ekaterinburg. She received a pension of $48,000 a year from King George V of England (her nephew) after humiliation by her nephew, King Christian who subjected her to numerous petty financial humiliations. In Russia known as: Marie Feodorovna
NOTES: Known as: "The Iron Tsar"; Reign: 26 Dec 1825 to 1855.
NOTES: Princess Charlotte of Prussia; Empress Alexandra Feodorovna.
NOTES: Reign: 1855 to 1881; On March 3, 1861, over the strong objections of the landowning nobility, Alexander II freed the serfs and began a program of dramatic reform. He abolished corporal punishment, restructured the judiciary and the educational system and denied many of the privileges the nobility had enjoyed. In fact, the emancipation of the serfs brought financial hardship to many landowning families. Tsar Alexander II could not admit that reform had failed and that his regime was ingrained with terror, choking in bureaucracy, drowning in ignorance and greed. He grew more rigid, more cranky, more repressive and now the deadly spiral spun faster and faster. More young men and women arrested; more violence against the state; more attempts at assassination; more assassinations; more arrests; more executions. Tsar Alexander II was assassinated by revolutionaries. Notes: Harrison E. Salisbury (American Historian)